Skip to main content
Institutional Arrangements
A guide to strengthening the enabling environment for faecal sludge management

A guide to strengthening the enabling environment for faecal sludge management

Year of publication:
2017
This Guide presents an introduction to conceptualising and strengthening the enabling environment for faecal sludge management (FSM) services in low-income urban areas. It is based on WSUP’s experience working with Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to develop market-based solutions for on-site sanitation services in the cities of Dhaka and Chittagong (Bangladesh), Kisumu (Kenya) and Lusaka (Zambia).

Building block(s)
Institutional Arrangements
Scope
Subnational
Subsector
Urban
Languages
English
Organization responsible for the tool
WSUP - Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor
Detailed description of Tool

FSM is the process by which faecal sludge is contained, collected, transported, treated and then safely disposed of or reused. According to this publication, 2.7 billion (38%) people around the world are dependent on on-site sanitation facilities like pit latrines and septic tanks, which contain and partially treat faecal sludge on-site (as opposed to centralised systems like sewers that remove waste from households and transport it to treatment facilities). In light of the vast numbers of people who depend on on-site sanitation, there is no serious prospect of achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6 without the development of reliable, safe FSM systems covering the full sanitation chain.

The market for on-site sanitation products and services will only thrive if it is supported by strong financial and institutional frameworks, complete with clear policies, regulations, technical assistance and political buy-in.

The guide provides insights into seven components for the enabling environment:

  • Institutional mandates
  • Regulatory effectiveness
  • Service provider capacity
  • Private sector enablement
  • Infrastructure and technology
  • Affordability and consumer willingness to pay
  • Consumer behaviour

 

Download PDF

Other tools in the same Building Block

Institutional Arrangements
Integrating Wash Interventions Across Sectors to Improve Health Outcomes

Integrating Wash Interventions Across Sectors to Improve Health Outcomes

Year of publication:
2013
This strategy brief focuses on ‘how to’ strengthen cross-sectoral approaches between health and its social, economic and environmental determinants in order to improve WASH. It was prepared for the Inter Ministerial Conference on “South-South Cooperation in Post ICDP and MDGs” held in Beijing in October, 2013.

Read more
Institutional Arrangements
Realising the Human Rights to Water and Sanitation: A Handbook

Realising the Human Rights to Water and Sanitation: A Handbook

Year of publication:
2014
This Handbook gives guidance on the implementation of the human rights to water and sanitation as defined by the international human rights legal framework. The main target audiences include governments at all levels, donors and national regulatory bodies, however, it provides information that will also be useful to civil society, service providers and human rights organisations.

Read more