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Mutual Accountability Mechanism

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require that governments engage with all actors through participatory multi-stakeholder processes, and that they demonstrate accountability in the decisions that they are taking in ensuring universal access to water and sanitation services, leaving no-one behind.

SWA’s Mutual Accountability Mechanism is designed to respond to these obligations of participation and accountability. It reflects the vision, principles, obligations, requirements and challenges set by the SDGs, as well as incorporating the SWA Framework of Guiding Principles, Collaborative Behaviours and Building Blocks.

Commitments

Government
External Support Agencies
Civil Society
Private Sector
Research and Learning

Explore our Partner countries

Government Constituency Body / Organizations Commitment Target year
Myanmar Government DRD, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation; DPHE, Ministry of Health and Sport; DBE, Ministry of Education By 2020, to supply 70% of rural people with improved water source. 2030
Myanmar Government DRD, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation; DPHE, Ministry of Health and Sport; DBE, Ministry of Education By 2025, connect 4 million rural people to piped water supply. 2030
Myanmar Government DRD, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation; DPHE, Ministry of Health and Sport; DBE, Ministry of Education By 2025, 75% Declared ODF and 90% access to safe sanitation. 2030
Myanmar Government DRD, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation; DPHE, Ministry of Health and Sport; DBE, Ministry of Education By 2020, 50% Declared ODF and 80% access to safe sanitation. 2030
Myanmar Government DRD, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation; DPHE, Ministry of Health and Sport; DBE, Ministry of Education By 2020, to connect 1 million rural people to piped water supply. 2030
Namibia External Support Agencies UNICEF UNICEF advocate with line ministries to create a strong enabling environment in addressing the elimination of OD by 2021. 2021
Namibia External Support Agencies UNICEF UNICEF will strengthen capacity of the line ministries to up-scale the elimination of open defecation in rural areas and informal settlements through community engagement in CLTS by 2020. 2021
Namibia External Support Agencies UNICEF UNICEF will support the development of water supply and information system to ensure the availability and use of dis-aggregated data by 2021. 2021
Nepal Government Ministry of Water Supply By 2020, Ministry of Water Supply will initiate WASH Sector Wide Approach with sound prediction of commitments/mutual accountability from government and donors with review mechanism to access progress on a regular basis and ensure that results are acted upon. 2020
Nepal Government Ministry of Water Supply By 2020, develop and implement WASH Sector capacity development Master Plan of all three tires of government. 2020
Nepal Government Ministry of Water Supply By 2019 Initiate development of 75 costed WASH Plans of local governments ensuring access to WASH services for priority ranking of social/infrastructure needs aligning with SDP and SDG. 2020
Nepal Government Ministry of Water Supply By 2020, benchmark and national standards of WASH services and service ladders, especially Water Quality, Sanitation, Sewerage Management aspects. 2020
Nepal Government Ministry of Water Supply By 2020, review and endorsement of WASH sector development plan including sector financing strategy as a common program for all tiers of government, development partners with commitments for long term funding agreements giving focus to leave no one behind 2020
Nepal Government Ministry of Water Supply By 2020 Establish and operationalize sector monitoring framework and MIS with disaggregated data in line with SDP and federal context with defined regulatory parameters. 2020
Nepal Government Ministry of Water Supply By 2020, endorse WASH Act and Regulations including Institutional Framework to improve sector governance, 2020
Nigeria Civil Society SOCIETY FOR WATER AND SANITATION -(NEWSAN) NEWSAN will intensify its engagement with the State Governors on state by state basis through the Nigeria’s Governors' Forum (NGF) and enlisting the support and concerns of the Legislators at both National and State Levels towards prioritizing and improving the provision of WASH services to achieve a nationwide ODF by 2025. 2025
Nigeria Civil Society SOCIETY FOR WATER AND SANITATION -(NEWSAN) NEWSAN commits to work with the government and advocate for the establishment of appropriate mechanism and conducive environment that will guide the participation of the private sector in supporting and providing WASH services and hasten the achievement of Nation Wide ODF by 2025. 2025
Nigeria Government FEDERAL MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES Internalization of the National WASH Action Plan by the sub-national government and development of State specific WASH Action Plan and the operationalization of the PEWASH programme by the end of 2019. 2019
Nigeria Private Sector Zenith water Projects Ltd Development of cost effective financial and technological models for end-to-end rural sanitation schemes and mobilization of private investors within the sanitation value chain with the support of the Government and other constituencies. 2021
Nigeria Private Sector Zenith water Projects Ltd Use the Focal points in the different States to collect verifiable data on the rural sanitation schemes availability and the sanitation needs especially in the most vulnerable communities that need support with the ultimate aim of making sure that No One is left Behind. 2019
What is the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is a process for governments and other stakeholders to make commitments together on specific actions each actor will take to achieve their targets set in the short- to medium-term on the road to reaching the SDGs.

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism recognizes that government leadership is essential to achieving SDG 6 and sanitation and water for all, always and everywhere. Commitments for the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are drawn from the plans, strategies, targets and milestones developed by governments and other actors through multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. The SWA partnership expects all SWA partners to collaborate in the making of commitments, and to report back on their actions to achieve these commitments.

SWA partners can present and report on commitments at SWA‘s global High-level Meetings. SWA will also make use of the opportunities provided by regional water and sanitation meetings such as SACOSAN, LatinoSan and Africa Water Week to convene sessions relevant to the partners active in the region.

How can I engage with the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism invites all SWA partners and others to collaborate in the making of commitments. Depending on whether you are from a government agency, department or ministry, or whether you are from another constituency (civil society, external support agency, private sector or research and learning) you can engage with the process in collaboration with other partners and make commitments. It is not necessary to be an SWA partner to join the process of identifying and making commitments.

How can I make commitments?

Through multi-stakeholder national planning, monitoring and review processes, governments and other stakeholders define their short- medium- and long-term strategies to overcome existing bottlenecks and challenges and to achieve the WASH-related targets of the SDGs.

From these strategies, the government selects two or three priority actions or strategies ('commitments‘). These may address issues that have come up in the planning or review process, or may respond to specific aspects of the SDGs. Particularly relevant will be issues, such as ‘leave no-one behind’ or issues where SWA partners believe that the global or regional perspective offered by discussions with other SWA partners will be particularly helpful to them.

Commitments should be Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time bound (SMART), such that progress towards their achievement can be monitored, reviewed and reported upon.

How can I submit commitments ?

The SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism builds on and reinforces existing national multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. Through this mechanism, all SWA partners are invited to develop commitments, based on national priorities, to be shared on the SWA website and to be presented at SWA’s global High-level Meetings.

Below are the relevant online forms which transfer data directly to the SWA database and website.

If you have any problems or questions please write to: commitments@sanitationandwaterforall.org.

 

For governments

Please submit your commitments here - bit.ly/Airtable-Government


For all other constituencies and organizations 
Non-government actors working at country level:
If you are working at the country level, please submit your commitments here - bit.ly/NonGovt-country

 

Global organizations, including bilateral donors and international organizations
If you are working at the global level, please submit your commitments here - bit.ly/GlobalOrganization

Where can I see the commitments made by my government and by other partners?

All commitments are available on the SWA website, both on the dedicated country page, as well as through a webpage where you can search for commitments by country and topic.

All commitments made to-date under the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are available here.

How will I verify that I have achieved my commitments?

The monitoring and review of commitments must be anchored in the national cycle of planning- monitoring and review processes, with indicators identified to follow up on targets and specific commitments, along with their other nationally agreed targets and plans. This multi-stakeholder platform for country-level monitoring could be complemented by global aggregation of sector performance using JMP, GLAAS, the Collaborative Behaviours Country Profiles and any relevant regional monitoring mechanisms that are in place.

SWA’s global Sector Ministers’ Meetings provide an opportunity for SWA partners across the world to present and subsequently report on their own commitments and to learn from others’ priorities and activities. As every country has its own processes and timeframes, the SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism must allow for SWA partners to present and review their Commitments at the global meeting that is most appropriate to them. There will be a Finance Ministers’ Meeting in April 2020, and a Sector Ministers’ Meeting in the second half of 2021.

Will there be a regular SWA report on the commitments and the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

Every three years the SWA Secretariat will produce a global report on the progress reflected by the Mutual Accountability Mechanism, and on the extent to which partners have achieved the commitments made in the previous three years. This will provide an opportunity for analysis of successes and continuing challenges. The first global report will be available in 2021.

Testimonials

Akpa Oluyemisi

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is important for the Government of Nigeria because it will give traction to ongoing initiatives for improving service delivery in the WASH sector

Federal Ministry of Water Resources Nigeria