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Mutual Accountability Mechanism

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require that governments engage with all actors through participatory multi-stakeholder processes, and that they demonstrate accountability in the decisions that they are taking in ensuring universal access to water and sanitation services, leaving no-one behind.

SWA’s Mutual Accountability Mechanism is designed to respond to these obligations of participation and accountability. It reflects the vision, principles, obligations, requirements and challenges set by the SDGs, as well as incorporating the SWA Framework of Guiding Principles, Collaborative Behaviours and Building Blocks.


External Support Agencies
Civil Society
Private Sector
Research and Learning

Explore our Partner countries

Government Constituency Body / Organizations Commitment Target year
Malawi Civil Society WES NETWORK WESNET Identify approaches that will improve sanitation in poorest and hardest to reach areas and marginalized groups of people by December 2020 2020
Maldives Civil Society WATERCARE Work towards Establishment of a help desk on improving access to water and sanitation in the Maldives. Work to establish Citizens Report Card on water and sanitation access, water safety, water security. 2020
Maldives Civil Society WATERCARE In 2019, collaborate with other CSOs to adopt the CSO SDG6 Strategy developed in 2018 led by WATERCARE. 2020
Maldives Government Ministry of Environment The government’s pledge towards water and sewerage is to provide clean drinking water and adequate sewerage facilities in the island by the end of the five-year term, these services will be provided to all inhabited islands on an equal basis irrespective of the size of population. 2023
Maldives Civil Society WATERCARE Widely disseminate information among sectoral and non-sectoral stakeholders on achieving SDG6 by 2030. 2020
Maldives Civil Society WATERCARE Develop awareness program to advocate for stronger monitoring of SDG6 and the involvement of CSOs in GLAAS and JMP report. 2020
Maldives Civil Society WATERCARE Obtain commitment of 10 CSOs and support of Development Partners for accountability on SDG6 implementation & progress. 2020
Mali Civil Society CN-CIEPA/WASH Advocacy for the government to create a WASH sub-priority in CREDD 2019-2023 2019
Mali Civil Society CN-CIEPA/WASH Advocacy to ensure that access to water, sanitation and hygiene is a constitutional right. 2019
Mali Civil Society CN-CIEPA/WASH Annually request updates from the Government on the status of implementation of the commitments made within the framework of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 2023
Mali Government Ministry of Energy and Water Adopt new national water and sanitation policy documents by ministerial order – along with their related implementation programmes – by the end of 2020. 2020
Mali Government Ministry of Energy and Water By 2022, develop new national sanitation strategies. 2022
Mali Government Ministry of Energy and Water By 2022, develop a new national strategy for safe drinking water, taking into account the concerns of the poorest and most vulnerable populations. 2022
Mali Government Ministry of Energy and Water Facilitate a dialogue on sector financing as part of the 2020 Consultation Framework. 2020
Morocco Government Ministère de l'Equipement, du Transport, de la Logistique et de l'Eau Improve the rate of sustainable access to drinking water in rural areas, with a view to roll-out. 2030
Mauritania Government Ministère de l'Hydraulique et de l'Assainissement Programme to achieve family sanitation in 2000 new localities by end 2021 2021
Mauritania Government Ministère de l'Hydraulique et de l'Assainissement Programme to build 230 drinking water supply networks in rural areas of Mauritania by end 2021. 2021
Mauritania Government Ministère de l'Hydraulique et de l'Assainissement Revision of the National Strategy for Water and Sanitation Sector Development to 2030 by March 2020. 2020
Mongolia Government Ministry of Construction and Urban Development Ensure achieving the national WASH targets, set by the Mongolia Sustainable Development Vision-2030, with more focus on achieving 80% target for safely managed drinking water and 40% target for safely managed sanitation and hygiene facilities by 2020. 2020
Myanmar Government DRD, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation; DPHE, Ministry of Health and Sport; DBE, Ministry of Education By 2025, connect to supply 85% of rural people with improved water source. 2030
What is the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is a process for governments and other stakeholders to make commitments together on specific actions each actor will take to achieve their targets set in the short- to medium-term on the road to reaching the SDGs.

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism recognizes that government leadership is essential to achieving SDG 6 and sanitation and water for all, always and everywhere. Commitments for the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are drawn from the plans, strategies, targets and milestones developed by governments and other actors through multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. The SWA partnership expects all SWA partners to collaborate in the making of commitments, and to report back on their actions to achieve these commitments.

SWA partners can present and report on commitments at SWA‘s global High-level Meetings. SWA will also make use of the opportunities provided by regional water and sanitation meetings such as SACOSAN, LatinoSan and Africa Water Week to convene sessions relevant to the partners active in the region.

How can I engage with the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism invites all SWA partners and others to collaborate in the making of commitments. Depending on whether you are from a government agency, department or ministry, or whether you are from another constituency (civil society, external support agency, private sector or research and learning) you can engage with the process in collaboration with other partners and make commitments. It is not necessary to be an SWA partner to join the process of identifying and making commitments.

How can I make commitments?

Through multi-stakeholder national planning, monitoring and review processes, governments and other stakeholders define their short- medium- and long-term strategies to overcome existing bottlenecks and challenges and to achieve the WASH-related targets of the SDGs.

From these strategies, the government selects two or three priority actions or strategies ('commitments‘). These may address issues that have come up in the planning or review process, or may respond to specific aspects of the SDGs. Particularly relevant will be issues, such as ‘leave no-one behind’ or issues where SWA partners believe that the global or regional perspective offered by discussions with other SWA partners will be particularly helpful to them.

Commitments should be Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time bound (SMART), such that progress towards their achievement can be monitored, reviewed and reported upon.

How can I submit commitments ?

The SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism builds on and reinforces existing national multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. Through this mechanism, all SWA partners are invited to develop commitments, based on national priorities, to be shared on the SWA website and to be presented at SWA’s global High-level Meetings.

Below are the relevant online forms which transfer data directly to the SWA database and website.

If you have any problems or questions please write to:


For governments

Please submit your commitments here -

For all other constituencies and organizations 
Non-government actors working at country level:
If you are working at the country level, please submit your commitments here -


Global organizations, including bilateral donors and international organizations
If you are working at the global level, please submit your commitments here -

Where can I see the commitments made by my government and by other partners?

All commitments are available on the SWA website, both on the dedicated country page, as well as through a webpage where you can search for commitments by country and topic.

All commitments made to-date under the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are available here.

How will I verify that I have achieved my commitments?

The monitoring and review of commitments must be anchored in the national cycle of planning- monitoring and review processes, with indicators identified to follow up on targets and specific commitments, along with their other nationally agreed targets and plans. This multi-stakeholder platform for country-level monitoring could be complemented by global aggregation of sector performance using JMP, GLAAS, the Collaborative Behaviours Country Profiles and any relevant regional monitoring mechanisms that are in place.

SWA’s global Sector Ministers’ Meetings provide an opportunity for SWA partners across the world to present and subsequently report on their own commitments and to learn from others’ priorities and activities. As every country has its own processes and timeframes, the SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism must allow for SWA partners to present and review their Commitments at the global meeting that is most appropriate to them. There will be a Finance Ministers’ Meeting in April 2020, and a Sector Ministers’ Meeting in the second half of 2021.

Will there be a regular SWA report on the commitments and the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

Every three years the SWA Secretariat will produce a global report on the progress reflected by the Mutual Accountability Mechanism, and on the extent to which partners have achieved the commitments made in the previous three years. This will provide an opportunity for analysis of successes and continuing challenges. The first global report will be available in 2021.


Akpa Oluyemisi

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is important for the Government of Nigeria because it will give traction to ongoing initiatives for improving service delivery in the WASH sector

Federal Ministry of Water Resources Nigeria