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Mutual Accountability Mechanism

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require that governments engage with all actors through participatory multi-stakeholder processes, and that they demonstrate accountability in the decisions that they are taking in ensuring universal access to water and sanitation services, leaving no-one behind.

SWA’s Mutual Accountability Mechanism is designed to respond to these obligations of participation and accountability. It reflects the vision, principles, obligations, requirements and challenges set by the SDGs, as well as incorporating the SWA Framework of Guiding Principles, Collaborative Behaviours and Building Blocks.


External Support Agencies
Civil Society
Private Sector
Research and Learning

Explore our Partner countries

Government Constituency Body / Organizations Commitment Target year
Eritrea Government i] Ministry of Land, Water and, Environment, ii] Ministry of Health, and iii] Ministry of Education Develop and rollout out One WASH strategy and investment plan based on SWA framework (collaborative behaviours, building blocks, and guiding principles) by December 2019. 2019
Ethiopia Government Ministry of Water Irrigation and Electricity Upscale the implementation of the Climate-Resilient WASH and Water Safety Planning to each new water supply project and select old most vulnerable and top priority water supplies in rural and urban areas. 2020
Ethiopia Government Ministry of Water Irrigation and Electricity Improve the enabling environment for the private sector and build its capacity to provide high level technical water supply solutions. 2020
Ethiopia Civil Society WaterAid By 2021 WaterAid commits to work towards identifying Climate resilience knowledge gaps and providing the sector with replicable approaches for CR WASH planning and implementation. 2021
Ethiopia Government Ministry of Water Irrigation and Electricity Increase the water supply financing from the current financial status in order to achieve the set targets of GTP II and SDG requirements and standards. Also, diversify financing modalities (3ts – taxes, tariffs, transfers, blended financing, climate and humanitarian nexus funding). 2020
Ethiopia Government Ministry of Water Irrigation and Electricity Establish clear and concrete strategic milestones for the establishment of the regulatory agency. 2020
Ethiopia Government Ministry of Water Irrigation and Electricity Rollout national strategies and campaign to eliminate open defecation in rural and urban to improve access to basic sanitation levels. 2020
Ethiopia Government Ministry of Water Irrigation and Electricity Establish country-wide, coordinated, inclusive, well managed, standardized and monitored school and health facility WASH implementation package. 2020
Ethiopia Civil Society WaterAid WaterAid commits also by 2021 to support and strengthen national and district level platforms that work for the inclusion of marginalised and vulnerable groups into all levels of WASH programming. 2021
Ethiopia Civil Society WaterAid WaterAid will continue to take a holistic, sustained systems building approach to capacity development in selected districts, utilities and at national government level to bring transformative changes in government systems by 2021. 2021
Gambia (the) Government Ministry of Health To increase the proportion of households with a place for handwashing with soap and water from 30.3% to 60% (Urban) and from 26% to 50% (Rural) by December 2021. 2021
Gambia (the) Government Ministry of Health To increase proportion of The Gambian population with access to improved sanitation facilities from 64.9% to 75% by 2021 2021
Gambia (the) Government Ministry of Fisheries and Water Resources To increase the proportion of population in The Gambia with access to safe drinking water from 89.6% to 100% by 2021. 2021
Ghana Government Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources We will promote sustainable water resources development and management by 2030. By this, both policy and programmatic actions will be implemented by the Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources and its agencies in collaboration with allied ministries and agencies to enforce existing laws that protect fresh water bodies and ensure water safety planning and plans are integral to all aspects of safe water provision to citizens. 2030
Ghana Government Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources The Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources will reactivate the sector working group, ensuring that the private sector, development partners, NGOs, academia with financial and technical resources sit together. 2030
Ghana Government Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources We will increase public financing for improved access to safe and reliable water supply, eliminate open defecation, solid and liquid waste infrastructure development, and increase access to household toilets (including enforcement of sanitation bye-laws) 2030
Guinea Civil Society Carbone Guinée Establish a national civil society accountability platform to implement and monitor SDG 6 initiatives by end 2019. 2019
Guinea Government Ministere de L'Energie et de l'Hydraulique By 2020, put in place an inter-sectoral operational coordination mechanism in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene sector 2020
Guinea Government Ministere de l'Environnement/ Direction Nationale de l'Assainissement et du Cadre de Vie By 2025, develop and implement a national plan to eliminate open defecation. 2025
Guinea Government Ministere de l'Energie et de l'Hydraulique/SNAPE Develop and implement a program of support to municipalities for the control of works of water and sanitation services by 2022 2022
What is the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is a process for governments and other stakeholders to make commitments together on specific actions each actor will take to achieve their targets set in the short- to medium-term on the road to reaching the SDGs.

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism recognizes that government leadership is essential to achieving SDG 6 and sanitation and water for all, always and everywhere. Commitments for the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are drawn from the plans, strategies, targets and milestones developed by governments and other actors through multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. The SWA partnership expects all SWA partners to collaborate in the making of commitments, and to report back on their actions to achieve these commitments.

SWA partners can present and report on commitments at SWA‘s global High-level Meetings. SWA will also make use of the opportunities provided by regional water and sanitation meetings such as SACOSAN, LatinoSan and Africa Water Week to convene sessions relevant to the partners active in the region.

How can I engage with the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism invites all SWA partners and others to collaborate in the making of commitments. Depending on whether you are from a government agency, department or ministry, or whether you are from another constituency (civil society, external support agency, private sector or research and learning) you can engage with the process in collaboration with other partners and make commitments. It is not necessary to be an SWA partner to join the process of identifying and making commitments.

How can I make commitments?

Through multi-stakeholder national planning, monitoring and review processes, governments and other stakeholders define their short- medium- and long-term strategies to overcome existing bottlenecks and challenges and to achieve the WASH-related targets of the SDGs.

From these strategies, the government selects two or three priority actions or strategies ('commitments‘). These may address issues that have come up in the planning or review process, or may respond to specific aspects of the SDGs. Particularly relevant will be issues, such as ‘leave no-one behind’ or issues where SWA partners believe that the global or regional perspective offered by discussions with other SWA partners will be particularly helpful to them.

Commitments should be Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time bound (SMART), such that progress towards their achievement can be monitored, reviewed and reported upon.

How can I submit commitments ?

The SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism builds on and reinforces existing national multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. Through this mechanism, all SWA partners are invited to develop commitments, based on national priorities, to be shared on the SWA website and to be presented at SWA’s global High-level Meetings.

Below are the relevant online forms which transfer data directly to the SWA database and website.

If you have any problems or questions please write to:


For governments

Please submit your commitments here -

For all other constituencies and organizations 
Non-government actors working at country level:
If you are working at the country level, please submit your commitments here -


Global organizations, including bilateral donors and international organizations
If you are working at the global level, please submit your commitments here -

Where can I see the commitments made by my government and by other partners?

All commitments are available on the SWA website, both on the dedicated country page, as well as through a webpage where you can search for commitments by country and topic.

All commitments made to-date under the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are available here.

How will I verify that I have achieved my commitments?

The monitoring and review of commitments must be anchored in the national cycle of planning- monitoring and review processes, with indicators identified to follow up on targets and specific commitments, along with their other nationally agreed targets and plans. This multi-stakeholder platform for country-level monitoring could be complemented by global aggregation of sector performance using JMP, GLAAS, the Collaborative Behaviours Country Profiles and any relevant regional monitoring mechanisms that are in place.

SWA’s global Sector Ministers’ Meetings provide an opportunity for SWA partners across the world to present and subsequently report on their own commitments and to learn from others’ priorities and activities. As every country has its own processes and timeframes, the SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism must allow for SWA partners to present and review their Commitments at the global meeting that is most appropriate to them. There will be a Finance Ministers’ Meeting in April 2020, and a Sector Ministers’ Meeting in the second half of 2021.

Will there be a regular SWA report on the commitments and the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

Every three years the SWA Secretariat will produce a global report on the progress reflected by the Mutual Accountability Mechanism, and on the extent to which partners have achieved the commitments made in the previous three years. This will provide an opportunity for analysis of successes and continuing challenges. The first global report will be available in 2021.


Akpa Oluyemisi

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is important for the Government of Nigeria because it will give traction to ongoing initiatives for improving service delivery in the WASH sector

Federal Ministry of Water Resources Nigeria