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Mutual Accountability Mechanism

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require that governments engage with all actors through participatory multi-stakeholder processes, and that they demonstrate accountability in the decisions that they are taking in ensuring universal access to water and sanitation services, leaving no-one behind.

SWA’s Mutual Accountability Mechanism is designed to respond to these obligations of participation and accountability. It reflects the vision, principles, obligations, requirements and challenges set by the SDGs, as well as incorporating the SWA Framework of Guiding Principles, Collaborative Behaviours and Building Blocks.

Commitments

Government
External Support Agencies
Civil Society
Research and Learning
Private Sector

Explore our Partner countries

Government Constituency Body / Organizations Commitment Target year
Indonesia Government National Development Planning Ministry Provide sustainable and innovative financing sources to sustain WASH services and ensure access of sustainable and safely managed WASH services for the poor and strengthen partnership with different stakeholders, including private sector for service delivery and resource mobilization. 2024
Iraq External Support Agencies UNICEF More children and families in Iraq have improved access to sustainable, equitable and safely managed water, sanitation and hygiene services including in most vulnerable communities. 2021
Kenya Private Sector Sanergy Attend and participate in workshops to validate and or review documents, and implement the provisions of the document in carrying out operations/investments Attend all stakeholder forums on the new policies, as and when the Ministry convenes them and offer technical expertise on NSS 2021
Kenya Private Sector Sanergy Collaborate with necessary government authorities to identify some of the challenges experienced with the current CLTS protocol and suggest possible solutions to the same, that will include Urban CLTS Engage with Urban sanitation TWG to initiate the process of creating a UCLTS strategy by 2020 2021
Kenya Private Sector Sanergy Engage with government on the cost of provision of sanitation and hygiene services based on different service provision models and technologies Provide up to date necessary costing tools for provision of NSS for urban areas 2021
Lao People's Democratic Republic (the) Government Ministry of Health By 2019 a National WASH Committee is established to provide guidance on WASH policy implementation. 2019
Lao People's Democratic Republic (the) Government Ministry of Health and Ministry of Public Works and Transport By 2025 all Lao citizen live in Open Defecation Free Environment in the country. No one left behind. 2025
Lao People's Democratic Republic (the) Government Ministry of Public Works and Transport By 2020 Establish a National WASH Trust Fund to finance for sustainable WASH Service delivery. 2020
Lesotho Government Ministry of Water and its affiliation authorities/projects, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance and NGOs End population practising open defecation by 2030 and improve hygiene practices in schools, health facilities and selected rural communities 2023
Lesotho Government Ministry of Water and its affiliation authorities/projects, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance and NGOs Increase access to basic WASH services in schools and health care facilities to 50% by 2023 2023
Lesotho Government Ministry of Water Continuous advocacy for increasing the funding for the water sector 2019/20 budget vs 2018/19 2019
Lesotho Government Ministry of Water Increase national budget for the WASH sector by 5% (or US$) by 2023 to accelerate progress towards achieving WASH SDGs. 2019
Lesotho Government Ministry of Water and its affiliation authorities/projects, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance and NGOs Actions on issues of reducing the open defecation and improve hygiene practices in schools, health facilities and selected rural communities 2023
Liberia Civil Society Liberia CSOs WASH Network By July 2021, collaborate with the government of Liberia to ensure that all policies and laws protect the rights of persons living with disabilities and marginalized groups. 2021
Liberia Civil Society Liberia CSOs WASH Network CSO WASH Network: Promote accountability and transparency through budget advocacy from June 2019 to July 2021. 2021
Liberia Civil Society Liberia CSOs WASH Network By April 2020, collaborate with the WASH Commission and other stakeholders for the establishment of a special Human Rights Office within the Liberia WASH Commission to monitor and protect WASH-related human rights. 2024
Liberia National Water Sanitation and Hygiene Commission of Liberia The Government of Liberia commit to allocate finances from public envelope and collaborate with development partners, civil society and the private sector mobilize more resources to achieve National WASH Development Goals and Targets as follow: o 85% access to basic water services by 2023 o 30% access to safely managed water points by 2023 o 47% access to basic sanitation by 2023 o 60% access to safely managed sanitation by 2023 o 100% of community open defication free by 2023 o 100% of district WASH plans approved by 2022 o 50% human capacity in WASH Sector by 222 o Develop a National WASH data and information management system to establish a creditable baseline with emphasis on sanitation, hygiene and solid waste by 2021 o Develop, launch and roll-out Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) Road Map to achieve Open Defecation Free (ODF) status by 2023 2023
Madagascar Civil Society OSCEAH (organisation de la Société Civile Eau Asainissement Hygiène) From 2019, civil society participation in advocacy towards the Ministry for increased funding to the sector to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. 2030
Madagascar Civil Society OSCEAH (organisation de la Société Civile Eau Asainissement Hygiène) Within eight months, identify the three best practices to improve access to WASH in the poorest and most inaccessible areas, and submit them to the government for implementation. 2020
Madagascar Civil Society OSCEAH (organisation de la Société Civile Eau Asainissement Hygiène) Every six months following the HLM, civil society will monitor implementation of the country's commitments with the government and other actors. 2020
What is the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is a process for governments and other stakeholders to make commitments together on specific actions each actor will take to achieve their targets set in the short- to medium-term on the road to reaching the SDGs.

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism recognizes that government leadership is essential to achieving SDG 6 and sanitation and water for all, always and everywhere. Commitments for the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are drawn from the plans, strategies, targets and milestones developed by governments and other actors through multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. The SWA partnership expects all SWA partners to collaborate in the making of commitments, and to report back on their actions to achieve these commitments.

SWA partners can present and report on commitments at SWA‘s global High-level Meetings. SWA will also make use of the opportunities provided by regional water and sanitation meetings such as SACOSAN, LatinoSan and Africa Water Week to convene sessions relevant to the partners active in the region.

How can I engage with the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism invites all SWA partners and others to collaborate in the making of commitments. Depending on whether you are from a government agency, department or ministry, or whether you are from another constituency (civil society, external support agency, private sector or research and learning) you can engage with the process in collaboration with other partners and make commitments. It is not necessary to be an SWA partner to join the process of identifying and making commitments.

How can I make commitments?

Through multi-stakeholder national planning, monitoring and review processes, governments and other stakeholders define their short- medium- and long-term strategies to overcome existing bottlenecks and challenges and to achieve the WASH-related targets of the SDGs.

From these strategies, the government selects two or three priority actions or strategies ('commitments‘). These may address issues that have come up in the planning or review process, or may respond to specific aspects of the SDGs. Particularly relevant will be issues, such as ‘leave no-one behind’ or issues where SWA partners believe that the global or regional perspective offered by discussions with other SWA partners will be particularly helpful to them.

Commitments should be Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time bound (SMART), such that progress towards their achievement can be monitored, reviewed and reported upon.

How can I submit commitments ?

The SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism builds on and reinforces existing national multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. Through this mechanism, all SWA partners are invited to develop commitments, based on national priorities, to be shared on the SWA website and to be presented at SWA’s global High-level Meetings.

Below are the relevant online forms which transfer data directly to the SWA database and website.

If you have any problems or questions please write to: commitments@sanitationandwaterforall.org.

 

For governments

Please submit your commitments here - bit.ly/Airtable-Government


For all other constituencies and organizations 
Non-government actors working at country level:
If you are working at the country level, please submit your commitments here - bit.ly/NonGovt-country

 

Global organizations, including bilateral donors and international organizations
If you are working at the global level, please submit your commitments here - bit.ly/GlobalOrganization

Where can I see the commitments made by my government and by other partners?

All commitments are available on the SWA website, both on the dedicated country page, as well as through a webpage where you can search for commitments by country and topic.

All commitments made to-date under the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are available here.

How will I verify that I have achieved my commitments?

The monitoring and review of commitments must be anchored in the national cycle of planning- monitoring and review processes, with indicators identified to follow up on targets and specific commitments, along with their other nationally agreed targets and plans. This multi-stakeholder platform for country-level monitoring could be complemented by global aggregation of sector performance using JMP, GLAAS, the Collaborative Behaviours Country Profiles and any relevant regional monitoring mechanisms that are in place.

SWA’s global Sector Ministers’ Meetings provide an opportunity for SWA partners across the world to present and subsequently report on their own commitments and to learn from others’ priorities and activities. As every country has its own processes and timeframes, the SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism must allow for SWA partners to present and review their Commitments at the global meeting that is most appropriate to them. There will be a Finance Ministers’ Meeting in April 2020, and a Sector Ministers’ Meeting in the second half of 2021.

Will there be a regular SWA report on the commitments and the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

Every three years the SWA Secretariat will produce a global report on the progress reflected by the Mutual Accountability Mechanism, and on the extent to which partners have achieved the commitments made in the previous three years. This will provide an opportunity for analysis of successes and continuing challenges. The first global report will be available in 2021.

Documents

View all Key documents
Key documents Type
Mutual Accountability Mechanism: Lisbon Meeting Report
Mutual Accountability Mechanism Brochure
Overview: Mutual Accountability Mechanism Commitments
Guidance Note for submitting commitments for the Mutual Accountability Mechanism

Testimonials

Akpa Oluyemisi

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is important for the Government of Nigeria because it will give traction to ongoing initiatives for improving service delivery in the WASH sector

Federal Ministry of Water Resources Nigeria