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Mutual Accountability Mechanism

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require that governments engage with all actors through participatory multi-stakeholder processes, and that they demonstrate accountability in the decisions that they are taking in ensuring universal access to water and sanitation services, leaving no-one behind.

SWA’s Mutual Accountability Mechanism is designed to respond to these obligations of participation and accountability. It reflects the vision, principles, obligations, requirements and challenges set by the SDGs, as well as incorporating the SWA Framework of Guiding Principles, Collaborative Behaviours and Building Blocks.


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Explore our Partner countries

Government Constituency Body / Organizations Commitment Target year
Ghana Government Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources The Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources will reactivate the sector working group, ensuring that the private sector, development partners, NGOs, academia with financial and technical resources sit together. 2030
Ghana Government Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources We will increase public financing for improved access to safe and reliable water supply, eliminate open defecation, solid and liquid waste infrastructure development, and increase access to household toilets (including enforcement of sanitation bye-laws) 2030
Guinea Civil Society Carbone Guinée Establish a national civil society accountability platform to implement and monitor SDG 6 initiatives by end 2019. 2019
Guinea Government Ministere de L'Energie et de l'Hydraulique By 2020, put in place an inter-sectoral operational coordination mechanism in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene sector 2020
Guinea Government Ministere de l'Environnement/ Direction Nationale de l'Assainissement et du Cadre de Vie By 2025, develop and implement a national plan to eliminate open defecation. 2025
Guinea Government Ministere de l'Energie et de l'Hydraulique/SNAPE Develop and implement a program of support to municipalities for the control of works of water and sanitation services by 2022 2022
Haiti Government Publishing the sector regulatory framework and implementing the monitoring mechanism to ensure that 100 per cent of the regions generate regular reports. 0
Haiti Government Establishing the safe drinking water and sanitation public service in municipalities by means of a protocol drawn up and signed by the regulator and the administrative bodies of the municipalities. 0
Haiti Government Facilitating an annual increase of three per cent in access to a public drinking water service. 0
Haiti Government Ensuring that operations are effectively managed. 0
Honduras Government Consejo Nacional de Agua Potable y Saneamiento (CONASA) Ensure the institutional framework established in the Drinking Water and Sanitation Sector Framework Law for effective sectoral and intersectoral coordination among actors in the sector at all levels (central government, local governments, civil society organizations, cooperation partners and private enterprise) and that their actions directly contribute to achieving the targets of SDG 6, without leaving anyone behind in terms of access to drinking water, sanitation and hygiene services. 2022
Honduras Government Consejo Nacional de Agua Potable y Saneamiento (CONASA) Promote financing mechanisms to address the priority measures in the National Drinking Water and Sanitation Plan up to 2022, including implementation of the National Water and Sanitation Fund (FONASAN), as defined in the Sectoral Financial Policy, to ensure sufficient resources to meet the targets of SDG 6 and reduce inequalities. 2022
Honduras Government Consejo Nacional de Agua Potable y Saneamiento (CONASA) Make progress with the national system for monitoring compliance with the targets of SDG 6 and reduce gaps by incorporating and strengthening the strategic systems for information, regulation and control, such as the existing Rural Water and Sanitation Information System (SIASAR) and the Regulatory Information System (SIRAP) in the sector. 2022
Honduras Civil Society Direcccion Ejecutiva de AHJASA (ASOCIACIÓN HONDUREÑA DE JUNTAS ADMINISTRADORAS DE SISTEMAS DE AGUA certification and hiring of the first 100 professional technicians responsible for facilitating community development processes in water and sanitation in the first 500 communities 2022
Honduras Civil Society Direcccion Ejecutiva de AHJASA (ASOCIACIÓN HONDUREÑA DE JUNTAS ADMINISTRADORAS DE SISTEMAS DE AGUA Promote processes of Development of Local Capacities for the efficient administration, sustainability and quality and expansion of Water and Sanitation services, with the commitment of different governmental actors, especially municipal, civil society, private and external cooperation. 2022
India Civil Society FANSA India By end of 2020 equip at least 200 CSOs from 11 states of India with information and analysis on the status of WASH, SDG 6.1 and 6.2 implementation, and facilitate developing CSO engagement strategies in these states and implementation of the same with focus on evidence based advocacy for LNOB and MHM. 2021
India Civil Society FANSA India Chapter By end of 2019 build capacities of the district level local Government and CSO functionaries in one selected district each in four states of India to support and strengthen integration of LNOB in implementation of WASH programmes and produce annual report on the same. 2020
India Civil Society FANSA India Chapter By end of 2019 build partnership initiatives between CSOs and local governments in four states of India and demonstrate scalable solutions to ensure access to toilets for the persons with disability and elderly and produce annual learning products on the same. 2020
India Civil Society FANSA India Chapter By end of 2019 create an efficient civil society mechanism (National Working Group) which will be regularly reviewing the WASH developments and SDG 6.1 and 6.2 achievement process in India and provide constructive feedback on the policy and practice including monitoring and progress tracking mechanisms. 2020
India Private Sector Banka BioLoo Banka BioLoo will provide sustainable sanitation facilities, in the form of bioloos or bio-toilets, to 250,000 students, primarily from low-income families - in partnership with larger corporations through their CSR programs. 2022
What is the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is a process for governments and other stakeholders to make commitments together on specific actions each actor will take to achieve their targets set in the short- to medium-term on the road to reaching the SDGs.

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism recognizes that government leadership is essential to achieving SDG 6 and sanitation and water for all, always and everywhere. Commitments for the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are drawn from the plans, strategies, targets and milestones developed by governments and other actors through multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. The SWA partnership expects all SWA partners to collaborate in the making of commitments, and to report back on their actions to achieve these commitments.

SWA partners can present and report on commitments at SWA‘s global High-level Meetings. SWA will also make use of the opportunities provided by regional water and sanitation meetings such as SACOSAN, LatinoSan and Africa Water Week to convene sessions relevant to the partners active in the region.

How can I engage with the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism invites all SWA partners and others to collaborate in the making of commitments. Depending on whether you are from a government agency, department or ministry, or whether you are from another constituency (civil society, external support agency, private sector or research and learning) you can engage with the process in collaboration with other partners and make commitments. It is not necessary to be an SWA partner to join the process of identifying and making commitments.

How can I make commitments?

Through multi-stakeholder national planning, monitoring and review processes, governments and other stakeholders define their short- medium- and long-term strategies to overcome existing bottlenecks and challenges and to achieve the WASH-related targets of the SDGs.

From these strategies, the government selects two or three priority actions or strategies ('commitments‘). These may address issues that have come up in the planning or review process, or may respond to specific aspects of the SDGs. Particularly relevant will be issues, such as ‘leave no-one behind’ or issues where SWA partners believe that the global or regional perspective offered by discussions with other SWA partners will be particularly helpful to them.

Commitments should be Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time bound (SMART), such that progress towards their achievement can be monitored, reviewed and reported upon.

How can I submit commitments ?

The SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism builds on and reinforces existing national multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. Through this mechanism, all SWA partners are invited to develop commitments, based on national priorities, to be shared on the SWA website and to be presented at SWA’s global High-level Meetings.

Below are the relevant online forms which transfer data directly to the SWA database and website.

If you have any problems or questions please write to:


For governments

Please submit your commitments here -

For all other constituencies and organizations 
Non-government actors working at country level:
If you are working at the country level, please submit your commitments here -


Global organizations, including bilateral donors and international organizations
If you are working at the global level, please submit your commitments here -

Where can I see the commitments made by my government and by other partners?

All commitments are available on the SWA website, both on the dedicated country page, as well as through a webpage where you can search for commitments by country and topic.

All commitments made to-date under the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are available here.

How will I verify that I have achieved my commitments?

The monitoring and review of commitments must be anchored in the national cycle of planning- monitoring and review processes, with indicators identified to follow up on targets and specific commitments, along with their other nationally agreed targets and plans. This multi-stakeholder platform for country-level monitoring could be complemented by global aggregation of sector performance using JMP, GLAAS, the Collaborative Behaviours Country Profiles and any relevant regional monitoring mechanisms that are in place.

SWA’s global Sector Ministers’ Meetings provide an opportunity for SWA partners across the world to present and subsequently report on their own commitments and to learn from others’ priorities and activities. As every country has its own processes and timeframes, the SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism must allow for SWA partners to present and review their Commitments at the global meeting that is most appropriate to them. There will be a Finance Ministers’ Meeting in April 2020, and a Sector Ministers’ Meeting in the second half of 2021.

Will there be a regular SWA report on the commitments and the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

Every three years the SWA Secretariat will produce a global report on the progress reflected by the Mutual Accountability Mechanism, and on the extent to which partners have achieved the commitments made in the previous three years. This will provide an opportunity for analysis of successes and continuing challenges. The first global report will be available in 2021.


View all Key documents
Key documents Type
Mutual Accountability Mechanism: Lisbon Meeting Report
Mutual Accountability Mechanism Brochure
Overview: Mutual Accountability Mechanism Commitments
Guidance Note for submitting commitments for the Mutual Accountability Mechanism


Akpa Oluyemisi

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is important for the Government of Nigeria because it will give traction to ongoing initiatives for improving service delivery in the WASH sector

Federal Ministry of Water Resources Nigeria