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Mutual Accountability Mechanism

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require that governments engage with all actors through participatory multi-stakeholder processes, and that they demonstrate accountability in the decisions that they are taking in ensuring universal access to water and sanitation services, leaving no-one behind.

SWA’s Mutual Accountability Mechanism is designed to respond to these obligations of participation and accountability. It reflects the vision, principles, obligations, requirements and challenges set by the SDGs, as well as incorporating the SWA Framework of Guiding Principles, Collaborative Behaviours and Building Blocks.

Commitments

Government
External Support Agencies
Civil Society
Research and Learning
Private Sector

Explore our Partner countries

Government Constituency Body / Organizations Commitment Target year
Central African Republic (the) External Support Agencies UNICEF Support the Government to launch the National Water and Sanitation Fund, with a specific budget allocated for sanitation and hygiene, by December 2020. 2020
Central African Republic (the) Government DIRECTION GENERALE DES RESSOURCES HYDRAULIQUES Provide access to safe drinking water and sanitation for 500,000 additional people – particularly the most vulnerable – by the end of 2021. 2021
Central African Republic (the) Government Ministere du Developpement de l'Energie et des Ressources Hydrauliques/ Direction generale des Ressources Hydrauliques Revise national WASH policies and strategies to bring them in line with the SDGs, focusing on equity and reducing inequalities, by December 2019. 2019
Chad External Support Agencies UNICEF Chad Country Office UNICEF commits to provide technical support to the government to organize roundtable on financing rural sanitation and to develop and implement effective operation and maintenance strategy of rural water supply. 2030
Chad External Support Agencies UNICEF Chad Country Office The UNICEF Country Office's commitments are related to rural sanitation and safe drinking water. UNICEF is supporting the sector coordination, the implementation of national ODF roadmap and sanitation bottlenecks analysis. 2030
Colombia Government Ministerio de Vivienda, Ciudad y Territorio Structure and implement the National Programme for the Supply of Drinking Water and Basic Rural Sanitation to promote differential schemes and comprehensive solutions to cover territories that involve the agriculture, health, energy and social inclusion sectors. 2022
Colombia Government Ministerio de Vivienda, Ciudad y Territorio Embed the planning, prioritization and structuring of drinking water and basic sanitation projects in institutions. 2022
Congo (the Democratic Republic of the) Government Ministère du Plan Halve the number of rural and semi-urban residents without access to safe drinking water and sanitation by March 2021 2021
Congo (the Democratic Republic of the) Government Ministère du Plan Develop measures to implement the Water Act by June 2021 2021
Congo (the Democratic Republic of the) Government Ministère du Plan Develop the water sector road map by August 2020 2020
Costa Rica Government Ministerio de Ambiente y Energía Create a regional Water Forum as a means for interregional and intersectoral dialogue in each of the 5 water units by end 2019. This forum will be convened at least once per year by the Ministry for Energy and the Environment. 2019
Costa Rica Government Ministerio de Ambiente y Energía Create a National Water Forum as a national and intersectoral platform for facilitating dialogue and monitoring of public policies on water resources. This will be convened at least once per year by the Ministry for Energy and the Environment. 2019
Costa Rica Government Ministerio de Ambiente y Energía Officially create, through an executive decree, a platform for facilitating dialogue and exchange to promote the integrated management of water resources, with the participation of all stakeholders by end 2019. 2019
Côte d'Ivoire Government Ministère de l'hydraulique Through the Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) programme, ensure access to safe drinking water for 95 per cent of residents of urban and rural areas in 2022 and 100 per cent in 2030 2022
Côte d'Ivoire Government Ministère des Eaux et Forêts Implement integrated water resources management, focusing on regular resource assessment and establishing a river basin agency by end 2022 2022
Côte d'Ivoire Government Ministère de l'Assainissement et de la Salubrité Reduce the open defecation-free rate in rural areas by four per cent – from 39 per cent to 35 per cent – by February 2020. 2020
Peru Government Ministerio de Vivienda Construcción y Saneamiento Plan short- and medium-term investments at the national, regional and local levels for drinking water, sewerage and wastewater treatment services by supplier type. 2021
Peru Government Ministerio de Vivienda Construcción y Saneamiento Develop a regional plan for sustainable and quality sanitation services to help close gaps in infrastructure. Ensure sectoral actors are synchronized and coordinated with service providers in urban and rural areas. 2021
Peru Government Ministerio de Vivienda Construcción y Saneamiento Achieve access to sanitation services for everyone who lives in cities by 2021 and sustainable universal sanitation by 2030. 2030
Eritrea Government Ministry of Health End open defecation in Eritrea by 2022 2022
What is the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is a process for governments and other stakeholders to make commitments together on specific actions each actor will take to achieve their targets set in the short- to medium-term on the road to reaching the SDGs.

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism recognizes that government leadership is essential to achieving SDG 6 and sanitation and water for all, always and everywhere. Commitments for the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are drawn from the plans, strategies, targets and milestones developed by governments and other actors through multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. The SWA partnership expects all SWA partners to collaborate in the making of commitments, and to report back on their actions to achieve these commitments.

SWA partners can present and report on commitments at SWA‘s global High-level Meetings. SWA will also make use of the opportunities provided by regional water and sanitation meetings such as SACOSAN, LatinoSan and Africa Water Week to convene sessions relevant to the partners active in the region.

How can I engage with the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism invites all SWA partners and others to collaborate in the making of commitments. Depending on whether you are from a government agency, department or ministry, or whether you are from another constituency (civil society, external support agency, private sector or research and learning) you can engage with the process in collaboration with other partners and make commitments. It is not necessary to be an SWA partner to join the process of identifying and making commitments.

How can I make commitments?

Through multi-stakeholder national planning, monitoring and review processes, governments and other stakeholders define their short- medium- and long-term strategies to overcome existing bottlenecks and challenges and to achieve the WASH-related targets of the SDGs.

From these strategies, the government selects two or three priority actions or strategies ('commitments‘). These may address issues that have come up in the planning or review process, or may respond to specific aspects of the SDGs. Particularly relevant will be issues, such as ‘leave no-one behind’ or issues where SWA partners believe that the global or regional perspective offered by discussions with other SWA partners will be particularly helpful to them.

Commitments should be Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time bound (SMART), such that progress towards their achievement can be monitored, reviewed and reported upon.

How can I submit commitments ?

The SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism builds on and reinforces existing national multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. Through this mechanism, all SWA partners are invited to develop commitments, based on national priorities, to be shared on the SWA website and to be presented at SWA’s global High-level Meetings.

Below are the relevant online forms which transfer data directly to the SWA database and website.

If you have any problems or questions please write to: commitments@sanitationandwaterforall.org.

 

For governments

Please submit your commitments here - bit.ly/Airtable-Government


For all other constituencies and organizations 
Non-government actors working at country level:
If you are working at the country level, please submit your commitments here - bit.ly/NonGovt-country

 

Global organizations, including bilateral donors and international organizations
If you are working at the global level, please submit your commitments here - bit.ly/GlobalOrganization

Where can I see the commitments made by my government and by other partners?

All commitments are available on the SWA website, both on the dedicated country page, as well as through a webpage where you can search for commitments by country and topic.

All commitments made to-date under the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are available here.

How will I verify that I have achieved my commitments?

The monitoring and review of commitments must be anchored in the national cycle of planning- monitoring and review processes, with indicators identified to follow up on targets and specific commitments, along with their other nationally agreed targets and plans. This multi-stakeholder platform for country-level monitoring could be complemented by global aggregation of sector performance using JMP, GLAAS, the Collaborative Behaviours Country Profiles and any relevant regional monitoring mechanisms that are in place.

SWA’s global Sector Ministers’ Meetings provide an opportunity for SWA partners across the world to present and subsequently report on their own commitments and to learn from others’ priorities and activities. As every country has its own processes and timeframes, the SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism must allow for SWA partners to present and review their Commitments at the global meeting that is most appropriate to them. There will be a Finance Ministers’ Meeting in April 2020, and a Sector Ministers’ Meeting in the second half of 2021.

Will there be a regular SWA report on the commitments and the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

Every three years the SWA Secretariat will produce a global report on the progress reflected by the Mutual Accountability Mechanism, and on the extent to which partners have achieved the commitments made in the previous three years. This will provide an opportunity for analysis of successes and continuing challenges. The first global report will be available in 2021.

Documents

View all Key documents
Key documents Type
Mutual Accountability Mechanism: Lisbon Meeting Report
Mutual Accountability Mechanism Brochure
Overview: Mutual Accountability Mechanism Commitments
Guidance Note for submitting commitments for the Mutual Accountability Mechanism

Testimonials

Akpa Oluyemisi

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is important for the Government of Nigeria because it will give traction to ongoing initiatives for improving service delivery in the WASH sector

Federal Ministry of Water Resources Nigeria