FSM is the process by which faecal sludge is contained, collected, transported, treated and then safely disposed of or reused. According to this publication, 2.7 billion (38%) people around the world are dependent on on-site sanitation facilities like pit latrines and septic tanks, which contain and partially treat faecal sludge on-site (as opposed to centralised systems like sewers that remove waste from households and transport it to treatment facilities). In light of the vast numbers of people who depend on on-site sanitation, there is no serious prospect of achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6 without the development of reliable, safe FSM systems covering the full sanitation chain.
The market for on-site sanitation products and services will only thrive if it is supported by strong financial and institutional frameworks, complete with clear policies, regulations, technical assistance and political buy-in.
The guide provides insights into seven components for the enabling environment:
- Institutional mandates
- Regulatory effectiveness
- Service provider capacity
- Private sector enablement
- Infrastructure and technology
- Affordability and consumer willingness to pay
- Consumer behaviour