Ethiopia

Commitments from the 2014 High Level Meeting

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Progress Overview

Total: 7 Commitments

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Political Prioritization

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Evidence-Based Decision Making

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Country Processes

Commitments

Progress Stage

Priority Area

Category

  • Progress:

  • Completed

  • Almost Completed

  • Good Progress

  • Slow Progress

  • Major Barriers

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The Ministry of Health will work with the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development, Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy, and Ministry of Education to ensure that sanitation and hygiene - as a subsector of WASH - is well recognized and resourced. It aims to do this by providing adequate professionals, clear targets and budgets within the Government of Ethiopia’s Growth and Transformation Plan, which starts in 2015.

2015
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Political Prioritization

Visibility

Milestones of Progress:

To ensure Sanitation & Hygiene related indicators are made part of GTP, HMIS updated in 2014 with sanitation indicators strengthened. In draft GTP II sanitation target & indicators are included including separate WASH targets.


WASH recognized as a sector in GTP and major targets made part of GTP, GTP II targets are being developed and there will be separate WASH targets.



Steps Remaining to Fully Achieve:

Finalisation of GTP.



Likely to Achieve for 2016?

Yes, likely


Influence of 2014 HLM on progress of commitment:

Highly Influential

The Ministry of Finance and Economic Development will work with the Ministry of Health, Ministry of Water, Irrigation & Energy, and Ministry of Education to secure internal and external financing to address the One WASH National Programme’s current funding gap, and in so doing, increase available funds from 68% to 100% of the required budget, by the end of 2015.

2015
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Political Prioritization

Financing

Milestones of Progress:

MOWIE State Minister addressed the need for more finance to the OWNP during Global WASH donor meeting in The Hague in December 2014. Key sector donors in Ethiopia have shown interest in contributing to CWA. Financing for Development Conference in July 2015 in Ethiopia presents itself as an important opportunity to lobby/advocate for more funds to the WASH sector.


To foster ownership, contributions are a requirement from Regional, district and community levels. Currently Regions - 10%; Woreda – 5% and 10% from community. For small towns up to 30% is expected from the community. A POM for CWA contributing partners has been developed and endorsed in Nov 2014; CWA is open. Initial disbursement to regions done in Jan 201.5




Steps Remaining to Fully Achieve:

Mapping of investments by donor and WASH partners.



Likely to Achieve for 2016?

Possible (with extra effort)


Influence of 2014 HLM on progress of commitment:

Some Influence

The Ministry of Health will work with the Ministry of Urban Development and Construction, Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy, Ministry of Education, and Ministry of Environment and Forests to develop, endorse and commence implementation of a National Integrated Urban Sanitation and Hygiene Strategy by the end of 2015.

2015
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National Planning Processes

Policy and Plans

Milestones of Progress:

Key sector ministries met in May 2014 and signed a Framework agreement on strategy development. Consultancy launched and draft report submitted and under consideration by Integrated Sanitation and Hygiene technical working group.


Placement of UNICEF staff in Ministry of Water done since March 2014, discussions still on going on placement of TA staff in the Ministries of Education, Health, and urban development and construction.


Initial approach made to Bill & Melinda Gates foundation in July 2014 regarding reinvent the toilet activities in Ethiopia, however no commitment from Foundation on any interventions in Ethiopia.



Steps Remaining to Fully Achieve:

Finalisation of strategy document and acceptance as policy document.



Likely to Achieve for 2016?

Yes, likely


Influence of 2014 HLM on progress of commitment:

Some Influence

The National WASH M&E Management Information System being managed by the National WASH Coordination Office is further strengthened through a collaborative effort between the Ministry of Health, Ministry of Water, Irrigation & Energy and the Ministry of Education. This will be achieved through the inclusion of Hygiene & Environmental Sanitation/Health indicators in the Health Management Information System (HMIS), and links to the National WASH MIS, which will enable the accurate tracking of progress towards achieving targets under the One WASH National Program by the end of 2015.

2015
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Evidence Based Decision Making

National Monitoring Systems

Milestones of Progress:

H&S performance Indicators were strengthened in July 2014 in HMIS; for Ministry of Education, EMIS revised with WASH indicators included. Following completion of WASH inventory data collection in Somali region Stakeholder Workshop held in Addis in May 2014, this led to migration of other regional data to AKVO Flow system. JMP visited Ethiopia in Nov 2014 and reviewed data sets.


Consultancy commissioned in March 2015 to establish linkages between HMIS, EMIS and National WASH MIS: Integrated M&E system to be established.



Steps Remaining to Fully Achieve:

Development and establishement of an integrated M&E system within EMIS, HMIS and NWI currently underway. Development of sustainability index and sustaianble check to be undertaken.



Likely to Achieve for 2016?

Yes, likely


Influence of 2014 HLM on progress of commitment:

Some Influence

The Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy, Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education will work together to strengthen, and where necessary establish, functional coordination structures at all levels, as set out under the WASH Implementation Framework (WIF), by mid-2015.

2015
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National Planning Processes

Coordination and Alignment

Milestones of Progress:

To strengthen and where necessary help establish functional coordination structures at the National, Regional and Woreda/Town Levels as set out under the WASH Implementation Framework (WIF) – as of Feb 2015 TA’s recruited at Regional and Woreda levels for all sector Bureaus.


To reinforce coordination activities between humanitarian and development partners an emergency WASH working group is set-up under the WSWG/WASH TC.


To ensure OWNP approach is fully integrated in the regional plans, initial work/procurement plans have been developed for CWA funds and good progress made in readiness to commence activities.



Steps Remaining to Fully Achieve:

Water Sector Working Group and 2 Technical Committees at Federal Level yet to fully take off.



Likely to Achieve for 2016?

Yes, likely


Influence of 2014 HLM on progress of commitment:

Some Influence

The Ministry of Health will provide support to strengthen the capacity of environmental health workers by undertaking capacity gap assessments, enhancing their numbers, imparting appropriate skills and broadening their scope of work at all levels. This will enable 82% of communities in Ethiopia to be declared and verified as open defecation free by 2016.

2015
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National Planning Processes

Capacity (incl. HR)

Milestones of Progress:

MoH to undertake capacity gap assessments for health workers and implement sub-strategies to strengthen mechanisms for production and retention of health workers – Not yet done.


To strengthen mechanisms for imparting quality trainings and building the capacity of frontline health workers at the Woreda and Kebele levels, training package Hygiene and environmental health is being updated during March 2015.


To establish and implement sub-strategies to tailor Urban HEP to address the needs of urban communities for improvements in urban sanitation, assessment of the HEP in urban context and analysis completed. It is envisaged that the Integrated Urban Sanitation strategy when completed will address the Urban HEP processes.


To establish and implement sub-strategies to tailor Urban HEP to address the needs of urban communities for improvements in urban sanitation, assessment of the HEP in urban context and analysis completed. It is envisaged that the Integrated Urban Sanitation strategy when



Steps Remaining to Fully Achieve:

Training of health workers based on a detailed Training needs analysis. And identified gaps.



Likely to Achieve for 2016?

Possible (with extra effort)


Influence of 2014 HLM on progress of commitment:

Some Influence

The Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy and Ministry of Health will optimize sustainability aspects of WASH through the development and operationalization of O&M Manuals for water schemes, mechanisms for sustainability checks for water and sanitation facilities, and access to 84% improved latrines by the end of 2016. It will do this by rolling out the recently endorsed sanitation marketing guidelines.

2015
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National Planning Processes

Capacity (incl. HR)

Milestones of Progress:

To ensure sustainability: a consultancy is being commissioned to develop relevant sustainability index to guide externally conducted annual sustainability checks- ToR developed and being revised by MoWiE.


San Mark multistakeholder platform established in April 2014 to support roll out plan for implementing San Mark guidelines and knowledge sharing.


To ensure engagement of private sector and SME’s, trainings for Sanitation entrepreneurs at Regional levels in progress using manuals translated into Amharic.




Steps Remaining to Fully Achieve:



Likely to Achieve for 2016?

Yes, likely


Influence of 2014 HLM on progress of commitment:

Some Influence

Long term Vision

  • adopt good hygiene practices in equitable and sustainable manner
  • Achieve Universal Access Plan (UAP) by 2015,
  • aim at 98.5% of the population having access to water,
  • achieve access to basic sanitation, thereby eliminating open defecation nationwide,
  • target 77% of the population to wash their hands with soap or ash at critical time

Stakeholders involved in developing commitments

  • The Ministers of Finance & Economic Development; Water, Irrigation & Energy; Education and Health validated this statement. The focal person representing civil society groups participated in the validation exercise.

Open Defecation Target

  • eliminate open defecation nationwide by 2015

Update Submitted By

  • Name: Abiy Girma: National WaSH Program Coordinator, Ethiopia

Stakeholders who participated in the progress review

  • Sector ministries involved: Ministries of Health and Social Welfare, Water, Education and Vocational Training and Prime Minister’s Office, Responsible for Regional Administration and Local Government. Development Partners: UNICEF, GIZ, WSP (BW), SNV, Water Aid, Plan International and DFID. Civil Society: TAWASANET and SAWA. Other: Vice President’s Office, Division of Environment, Ministries of Transport and Housing and Human Settlements.