Afghanistan

Commitments from the 2014 High Level Meeting

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Progress Overview

Total: 6 Commitments

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Political Prioritization

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Evidence-Based Decision Making

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Country Processes

Commitments

Progress Stage

Priority Area

Category

  • Progress:

  • Completed

  • Almost Completed

  • Good Progress

  • Slow Progress

  • Major Barriers

  • No data

Develop and implement an evidence-based advocacy strategy for increasing WASH sector investment within the GoIRA budget, from 2% in 2013 to 5% in 2016.

2015
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Political Prioritization

Financing

Milestones of Progress:

Ministry of Finance has allocated small account of funding for WASH in 2014/15 through which CLTS has been started in 3 provinces and has achieved ODF villages in all targeted provinces. The unstable political situation/election, and the withdrawal of international security forces, have caused a reduction in national revenue and aid support to Afghanistan. As a result the milestone for this commitment is not likely to be reached.



Steps Remaining to Fully Achieve:

Currently Afghanistan is totally dependent on international aid and WASH is part of that. SWA intervention and advocacy is needed to share these evidences to the donors for further investment (technical and financial). Additionally, the sector ministers and finance minister could also be motivated to prioritize WASH in government national budget.



Likely to Achieve for 2016?

No, unlikely


Influence of 2014 HLM on progress of commitment:

Some influence

Strengthen sector partnerships with civil society, national and international NGOs, sector ministries, development partners, private sector and universities for joint advocacy, better planning and coordination of WASH interventions.

2015
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National Planning Processes

Coordination and Alignment

Milestones of Progress:

WASH coordination forums (WSG, WASH Cluster) have been strengthened at national level and planned to replicate at the sub national level, participation by all sector holders. Technical working groups are led by DACAAR NGO, MoPH and MRRD.



Steps Remaining to Fully Achieve:

MRRD\'s effort is required for the strengthening and sustainability of current coordinations through capacity buillding and engaging line departments at the subnational level.



Likely to Achieve for 2016?

No, unlikely


Influence of 2014 HLM on progress of commitment:

Some influence

Develop a hygiene and sanitation strategy - to be implemented in at least 10 provinces through comprehensive CLTS/sanitation promotion programme and document baseline/progress and learning.

2015
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National Planning Processes

Policy and Plans

Milestones of Progress:

Number of Open Defecation Free (ODF) villages, number of latrines newly built/improved.



Steps Remaining to Fully Achieve:

Government, NGOs, UN agencies, private sectors, civil soceity and donors.



Likely to Achieve for 2016?

Yes, likely


Influence of 2014 HLM on progress of commitment:

No Influence

Use existing capacity needs assessments and studies (WB, KPMG, DACAAR, Sitan, etc.) to identify WASH capacity building needs and to develop a capacity building strategy and a 2-year action plan.

2015
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National Planning Processes

Capacity (incl. HR)

Milestones of Progress:

Followed the Sitan and WB assessments.



Steps Remaining to Fully Achieve:

Government sector ministries, UNICEF, SWA and sector INGOs to develop sector capacity building strategy and action plan.



Likely to Achieve for 2016?

No, unlikely


Influence of 2014 HLM on progress of commitment:

No Influence

Development and testing of a comprehensive strategy for operation and maintenance and community water safety planning in 4 provinces using an effective approach to reduce risks of contamination of drinking water from source to consumption.

2015
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National Planning Processes

Policy and Plans

Milestones of Progress:

O&M strategy is drafted and shared with stakeholders. National workshop on HWTS was conducted and planned to be replicated at the provincial level.



Steps Remaining to Fully Achieve:

Finalize O&M strategy and start implementation. The water safety planning activities were included in the UNICEF AWP 2014, but implementation did not happen due to unavailability of budget. It is recommended that UNICEF, WHO and SWA facilitate learning visits for developing/adapting effective strategy on water safety planning.



Likely to Achieve for 2016?

Yes, likely


Influence of 2014 HLM on progress of commitment:

No Influence

Formulation of Integrated Disaster Risk Reduction Framework for safe drinking water and sanitation programmes; formulation of Framework for Environmental and Social Safeguard for safe drinking water and sanitation programmes.

2015
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National Planning Processes

Policy and Plans

Milestones of Progress:

DRR approach has been integrated in the development activities through formulation of DRR strategy and social and environmental safeguard framework.



Steps Remaining to Fully Achieve:

Implementation and follow up of DRR and safeguard strategies.



Likely to Achieve for 2016?

Possible (with extra effort)


Influence of 2014 HLM on progress of commitment:

Some influence

Long term Vision

  • achieve an increase in safe drinking water from 2% in 2013 to 5% in 2016
  • eliminate open defecation nationwide by developing hygiene and sanitation strategy which will be implemented in 15 provinces at this stage
  • transpire Hygiene education using different communication channels for more than five million people including children by 2018

Open Defecation Target

  • eliminate open defecation nationwide by developing hygiene and sanitation strategy which will be implemented in 15 provinces at this stage

Update Submitted By

  • Name: Ghulam Qader: Executive Director, MRRD Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene  Programme

Stakeholders who participated in the progress review

  • Sector ministries involved: Ministry of Education, Ministry of Urban Development Affairs (MuDA), Ministry of Public Health. Development partners: UNICEF and DACAAR. Civil Society: CSO representative. Other: Ministry of Foreign Affairs