Germany has traditionally been one of the world’s largest bilateral donors in the water and sanitation sector. Germany’s Water Sector Strategy adopts IWRM principles and focuses on reaching the MDGs, highlighting pro-poor and human rights based approaches as well as sanitation. Capacity development and sector reforms are particular focal areas of German support to facilitate country-driven progress.


1. WASH is a priority for partner countries
2. Low access
3. Poverty
4. Established presence in-country or in-region
5. Governance performance of partner country
6. Relevance and significance of German contribution


Germany is committed to provide access to drinking water to 25 million people and sanitation to 5 million people in Sub Saharan Africa by 2015. Germany now applies a checklist with specific criteria to Sub-Sahara Africa programs to stimulate increasing impacts, to reach more people, better focus on the poor and on sanitation: (1) Focus on pro-poor orientation of programs, (2) Poor people as main target group, (3) Focus on (peri-)urban areas with high poverty prevalence, (4) Pro-poor tariff-systems, aiming at not more than 5% of poor household’s income be spent on water supply and sanitation, (5) Focus on sanitation, (6) Focus on health impacts by making sensitization and hygiene promotion measures a focus area in each water program, (7) Focus on small scale systems like stand posts and water kiosks, (8) Low per capita investment costs.

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Germany in 2010 lead donor coordination in: Albania, Algeria, Burundi, DR Congo, Egypt, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Mali, Sudan, Tanzania, Vietnam, and Zambia.

Germany in 2010 was part of donor coordination for WASH aid in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestinian Territories, Yemen, Indonesia, Vietnam, Albania, Afghanistan, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Peru, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, DR Congo, Kenya, Mali, Namibia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Tied vs. Untied Aid
87% of German aid is untied (OECD QWIS 2012, data from 2010), concerning all German ODA 

Aid Coordinated with Country Programmes
German WASH aid is coordinated 100% with recipient countries.

Use of Country Procurement Systems
Country procurement systems were used in certain countries in 2008 and 2010, such as Benin, Peru, Tanzania (partly), and Egypt (partly).

Use of Project Implementation Units

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Dr. Michael Köberlein
Desk Officer at Division 313 "Water; Energy; Urban development; Geosciences sector”
Dahlmannstraße 4
53113 Bonn
Email : michael.koeberlein@bmz.bund.de
Tel. : +49 228 99 535 3721