French cooperation strategy in the water and sanitation sector is developed by the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs and the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Finance and implemented by several agencies. An average of 90% of total bilateral commitments for water and sanitation is implemented by the French Development Agency (AFD) and an average of 5% of that total is implemented by the Directorate General of Treasury ("DG Trésor") of the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Finance. DG Trésor and the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs are also responsible for multilateral contributions for water and sanitation.
French development cooperation priorities (sectors, countries) have been refined in a new strategy in 2009, validated by the Inter-ministerial Committee for International Development Cooperation (CICID in French). WASH issues are not highlighted as a single entry point, but crosscut other priority sectors such as health, education, environment, and urban development.
Sub-Saharan Africa is the main focus of French ODA globally. MENA region is the second priority area.
Aid allocations must respond to priorities expressed by the beneficiary country (sectors of concentration identified in bilateral agreements). Aid allocations (sectors, financial mechanisms) are adjusted to partner countries categorization (e.g. achieving the MDGs in selected African and Asian countries, mostly LDCs; contributing to crisis/post-crisis situations in a few countries; contributing to economic growth and global public goods preservation in selected emerging countries).
France uses the following criteria to select priority recipient countries: countries/regions of greatest need (in terms of coverage/access figures and poverty figures), established presence/relationship in-country or in-region, existence of strong national sector plans and budgets, strategic dialogue with countries, quality of governance or reform efforts, relevance and significance of French contribution, fragile or conflict-affected state, and published targets or coverage of spending.
AFD also takes into consideration the partners capacity in terms of implementation and governance. DG Trésor ensures that countries are eligible to tied aid according to OECD's rules.
While DG Trésor does not have result-oriented targets for increasing access to water and sanitation services, for the period 2010-12, AFD has set the following ones: 800 000 people getting access to safe drinking water; 500 000 people getting access to sanitation; 2.5 million people with improved water service; 1.5 million people with improved sanitation.
France publishes the AFD Annual Report which outlines its WASH activities and contributions yearly.
In 2008, 60% of commitments for sanitation and drinking-water were allocated to under 5-year programmes and 40% were allocated to programmes of more than 5 years by AFD. In 2010, 70% of commitments for sanitation and drinking-water were allocated to under 5-year programmes and 30% to programmes of more than 5 years by AFD.
In 2010, 100% of commitments for sanitation and drinking-water were allocated to under 5-year programmes by DG Trésor.
Tied vs. Untied Aid
Aid Coordinated with Country Programmes
Use of Country Procurement Systems
Country procurement systems are used in all countries.
Use of Project Implementation Units
Deputy Head of Water and Sanitation Division, French Development Agency (AFD)
5, rue Roland Barthes
75012 Paris - France
Tel. : +331 53 44 41 20
Deputy Head of Project Assistance Division
French Treasury Directorate General, Ministry of Economy, Finances and Industry
139, rue de Bercy
75012 Paris - France
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Tel. : +331 44 87 19 47
Senior Water and Sanitation Policy Advisor
Global public goods directorate, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs
27, rue de la Convention
75015 Paris - France
Email : email@example.com
Tel. : +331 43 17 70 52